Pull seedlings carefully. Make the holes following any of these three ways: 0.5 kg Process Chicken Manure or any commercial organic fertilizer. A large container is required even for compact varieties, at least 16-inches wide. fertility and on the previous cropping patterns based on the result of Apply just enough pressure so as not to crack the fruit. Eggplant is ready for transplanting 4 to 6 weeks from sowing. Seedlings and Hardening Off. Start seeds indoors in flats or peat pots 8–9 weeks prior to the last spring frost date. The end of May – beginning of June is suitable for this. Transplanting them too late may also be problematic because the roots shouldn’t get too crowded in a pot. Plants tend to be spindly and end up having long stem if it lacks sunlight! Transplant 30 to 35 day-old seedlings which should now have 3 to 4 true leaves. Ahectare of farm requires 100 g of seeds. The potted seedlings should … Young frits are also eaten raw. Eggplant seeds germinate in 7 to 14 days, depending on the heat, moisture provided, and moisture content and age of the seed. Step 2. I bought a few Casper transplants and the rest I sowed seeds (indoors then transplanted) – heirloom Diamond variety. Eggplant (Solanum melongena L.) is known as aubergine and brinjal (English), talong (Tagalog), tarong (Ilocano), or bringhinas (Bisaya). The bottom heat should be continued until daytime temperatures are in the 70s. Pulverize the soil and level the bed with the use of hand tools and remove weeds and stubbles. Transplant only one seedling per hole per hill. 21-25 days from transplanting, sidedress 2 tbsp (10 g) of a mixture of 2 bags of Urea (46-0-0) and 1 bag Muriate of Potash (0-0-60). Starting Eggplant, Pepper, and Okra Seeds Indoors: 2. To properly transplant eggplants, you should adhere to the rules of agricultural technology. Transplanting pepper seedlings outside too early will cause them to stunt. Keep your potting mix moist. Pour … Eggplant varieties differ in size, shape, color, and maturation time. Business Ideas Philippines, maturity: 55 days after transplanting (DAT), fruits: medium long, striped light violet, have 1 week storage life, very good for “Pinakbet”, resistant to bacterial wilt, and moderately resistant to fruit borer, leaf hopper, and phomopsis ideal for organic production, fruits: medium purple, shiny, medium long, with good storage life, resistant to green leaf hopper, moderately resistant to bacterial wilt. Eggplants should not be re-planted outdoors until the temperature is at least 70 °F (21 °C). Plow and harrow 2 to Dive seedlings begin in accordance with weather conditions when stable heat comes without sudden changes. Prepare your plant bed ahead with soil rich in compost and set the seedlings in a row 24 inches apart. During hot days, provide a shade above the seedbed to protect newly pricked seedlings, and remove the structure as the soon as the seedlings are established to avoid pale and lanky seedlings. Seedlings recover easily, provided root damage during pulling is minimal. recommended rates: Apply the following fertilizers on both sides of the bed every 10 linear meters of the planting row: Cover the fertilizers with soil, or mix them thoroughly with the soil. Your email address will not be published. Increase sun drying period as the seeds dry. Thank you for reading this article about how to transplant pechay. Grows best with temperature range of 22-32°C. Mulching controls weeds, preserves soil moisture, prevents soil It can take up to three weeks of sunshine after the last frost for the soil to warm up to acceptable temperatures for eggplants. Only do this if the weather outdoors has warmed up sufficiently, however. Visit our page on growing vegetables to learn how to harden off the eggplant. Prepare the area by plowing and harrowing alternately until the soil is reduced to fine tilth. Water the seedlings immediately after applying fertilizer to prevent leaf injury. Over watering favors damping-off and production of weak seedlings. Sow seed in individual containers or flats. Now that those tiny seeds have become sturdy little seedlings how can you prepare your little sprouts to handle the big, bad outdoor world in the garden bed? Transplant one seedling per hill 3-4 weeks from pricking or 1 week after hardening. When outside nighttime air temperatures are above 50 degrees, gradually expose them to the outdoors to harden them off. College of Agriculture, UP Los Banos College, Laguna Several Use a covering of black plastic mulch to warm soils before setting out transplants. One gram is approximately Transplant during cool or cloudy days, or late in the afternoon to avoid excessive heat during planting. Hardening is done to prepare the seedlings to field conditions. Generally, seedlings are ready to set in the field 4-6 weeks after sowing. Once your eggplant seedlings are ready to move outdoors, choose a full sun area with a soil pH of 5.5 to 7.0 (acidic to neutral). Water the seedlings. Reduce watering 1 week before transplanting to harden the seedlings. Sterilize the soil by drenching with insecticide-fungicide solution to protect the seeds from ants and damping-off. It’s important to be able to recognize when it’s time to transplant seedlings from the seed tray to a larger pot. Use organic pesticides like the juice of native hot pepper and soap. Do not remove soil adhering to the roots. Spring work in the country includes the obligatory germination of vegetable seedlings and their subsequent planting in the ground. before transplanting. This vegetable is a good source of potassium, iron, When to Plant Eggplant. The use of plastic mulch is an Construct polyvinyl plastic or protective structure to protect the seedlings from rain. Transplant the seedlings into pots when they reach 3 inches (7.6 cm) tall. Alternatively, buy 6- to 8-week-old nursery transplants just before planting. height. When To Transplant. Putting some fence. away from the base of the plant. The volume of medium in each hole contains enough nutrients to sustain the seedling until transplanting. There are two methods of seedling establishment in eggplant, Send . On the prepared beds make indentations about 15-20 cm deep. Harvest fruits that are still tender and young. For planting, select the sunny section. Plastic mulch and continuous harvesting will help to produce high quality yields. Entrepinoys Atbp. Before sowing the seeds, sterilize the seedbed to kill weed seeds and pathogens present in the soil. Mulch with rice straw or black plastic sheets to reduce weed population. It needs to be at least 60°F (15°C) before you transplant eggplant seedlings. Eggplant grows best in a well-drained sandy loam or loam soil, fairly high in organic matter. Irrigate every 10 days during dry season and when needed during rainy season. About three days before planting time, place your eggplant seedlings outside for the day, then bring them indoors at night until planting day. The larger pots are reused ones that I used last season. Successfully transplant your seedlings into the garden bed with five simple steps. Use a seedling tray with 100 or 104 holes. Fertilizer rate depends on the results of soil analysis. acceptable to the consumers to gain optimum yield and profit. Transplants and starts are essentially baby vegetable plants, usually sold in pots or packs of 4 or 6. Here are five sure-fire steps to take when the time is right for transplanting: 1. Transplant during cloudy days or late in the afternoon to avoid transplanting shock. Send. calcium chloride, quick lime, or wood ash at the bottom. fruits depend on the variety. By Chris McLaughlin. During the dry season, irrigate at 7, 21 and 30 DAT. Soften the fruit by rolling them gently by foot on a flat floor or by beating the fruit gently with wood bat. Seeds germinate quickly at temperatures between 70 to 90°F. Eggplant skin is called “nasunin”. A Before transplanting your seedlings, choose an area of your yard that gets full sun, and make sure the soil is about 60°F (15°C). Pin. Pull seedlings carefully. Pruning unnecessary leaves also reduce competition in nutrient absorption. Avoid producing the seeds during wet season. • Water the bed heavily before transplanting. Once temperatures are consistently above 10°C/50°F, begin to harden off the eggplant. Use moisture resistant packaging materials such as thick polyethylene plastic, aluminum-lined packets, tin cans, or glass jars. For beds with plastic mulch, remove the soil and transplant seedlings directly to the holes prepared on the plastic sheets. The best eggplant seeds are those that are two or three years old. Space the plants 18" apart in rows 24" apart. well-pulverized soil promotes good soil aeration and enhances root Harvesting is usually done two times a week. Your eggplant may seem small at first when it’s a seedling, but these plants can grow quite big. Fasten the edges of the plastic mulch to the soil with bamboo slats spaced 30 cm apart (6 to 8 cm long). Spread about 3 to 5 cm thick of either rice straw or rice hull on top of the seedbeds and burn slowly. To avoid cross pollination with other eggplant varieties, maintain an isolation distance of at least 200 m. Remove not true-to-type plants or plants of other eggplant varieties. Features of the vegetable. It should then easily fall or slide out. Cover the seeds with soil, put mulch, and water gently (200-300 g of seeds is needed per hectare). Harvesting starts 46 to 50 DAT, depending on the variety and intended use of the fruits. For rainy season, water once a day. Prevent bacterial wilt by planting after rice or by crop rotation. Eggplant production accounts  for 28 percent of the total volume of top vegetables grown in the country. At the time of transplanting, seedlings should be about 30-35 cm in height, on each stem from 7 to 10 true leaves. Its young It can take up to three weeks of sunshine after the last frost for the soil to warm up to acceptable temperatures for eggplants. Eggplant requires  a temperature of 20o to 30oC during seed germination, 24o to 32oC soil temperature and 21o to 30oC during its growth duration. Choose a level area fully exposed to sunlight, accessible to water source, with good drainage and provided with windbreaks. Simply place them into pots that are an inch or two larger than the ones they're growing in. Transplant Eggplant Seedlings . Use pruning sheer in harvesting to avoid damaging the plants. Please subscribe to our channel or visit our website at https://asiangarden2table.comWe have great selection of Asian vegetable seed for sale. The bottom heat should be continued until daytime temperatures are in the 70s. fat. Select varieties that are high yielding, resistant to insect pests Cut tall weeds if the plants are in the vegetative stage. Product information ASIN B07117JPK6 Customer Reviews: 4.0 out of 5 stars 5 ratings. Control fruit and stemborer by releasing earwigs, known predator of insect pests. Tolerates drought and excessive rainfall better than its relatives, tomato and pepper. Sow seeds inside 8-10 weeks prior to transplanting. Eggplant seedlings are transplanted by hand into a hole deep enough to bury a plant. Aim to germinate the seeds 6-9 weeks before the last frost of the year is predicted. It is naturally low in calories and no fat before setting seedlings in tray or potlets.! 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